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Information Technology and Communication class, 5th grade - How does a digital device work?


Digital device model, examples of digital devices, Input, Process, Output

Information Technology and Communication lesson for year 5.

Maximum number of students: 30

Equipment needed: computer and projector, laptops, tablets or printed handouts.

Activities: Presentation of lesson and discussion of main points with students. The lesson format is classic, “chalk and talk”. The teacher presents various aspects, starting from types of day to day devices, how they work, moving on to what makes a digital device, why some devices are digital and some others are analog, compares a digital device to an analog device that does the same thing, pros and cons of digital devices, why we are switching to digital devices and concludes by doing a small recap of the lesson and checking the responses on the handouts.

Results achieved: students understand why some analog devices have switched to digital, what are the drawbacks and the gains, why digital signals have finites steps, what are the pros and cons of that.

Challenges: the English level of some students may hinder their understanding of the lesson. This can be addressed by translating technical terms in the native language. Students with good English will tend to monopolize the discussion. The teacher can name students and encourage them to voice their opinion on the topic at hand.

Points of strength: Teaching in an international languace helps both the teacher and the students improve their knowledge of that particular language. It provides a change in the usual teaching habits for that discipline, which makes both the teacher and the students more focused and requires a degree of multitasking, which in term helps fix the knowledge in a new way. Sometimes the topic at hand is more accesible in English, because that is the main language at the forefront of that particular domain and the student or the teacher is exposed to that knowledge through English.

Areas of improvement: Students need to be encouraged to practice their English. Students with less mastery of English can feel they are left out or can have trouble following the lesson. The teacher should strive to engage with the whole class, let the students express themselves even if they make mistakes. It can go as far away as allowing students to share their thoughts in their native language and then translate them in English. It is important to have a casual and open atmosphere during class and bridge the teacher student gap.